Ad Hoc Non Institutional Conflict Management: A Case Study Of Burundi And Zaire

The study sets out to analyse and investigate the contributions of ad hoc noninstitutional
approaches to the management of internal conflicts. In process, the study
examines the structures and problems of the institutional organisations in Africa
which have the capacity to manage internal conflicts. The Organisation of African
Unity (OAU), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the
Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and the Southern African
Development Community (SADC) are examined in order to critically analyse their
strengths and weaknesses in managing internal conflict.
The study analyses two case studies: the Nairobi peace process on the Zaire internal
conflict (199611997) and the Arusha peace process on the Burundi internal conflict
from July 1996 to January 1999. The study reaches a number of findings. First, the
institutional organisations are reactive to conflicts because they lack an early warning
capacity. Also, financial problems in institutional organisations highly incapacitate
their ability to manage internal conflicts. Secondly, ad hoc non-institutional
approaches to internal conflict management complement the institutional approaches.
Therefore, ad hoc non-institutional approaches form part of the conflict management
process as they provide a platform from which sub-regional and regional states may
intervene in internal affairs of other states.
The study concludes that the internationalisation of internal conflicts must be
considered in order to understand the application of ad hoc non-institutional conflict
management approaches. The study finally recommends a conceptualisation and
corporation of ad hoc non-institutional conflict management as part of conflict
management endeavour, especially after the end of the Cold War.