Inter-clan conflict in Mandera District: a case of the Garre and Murulle, 2004-2009

Scholars on violence in Mandera who include Lewis have focused on Somali irredentism and closeness to the porous Kenya-Somalia border as the main cause of inter-clan conflict. I This study set to explore other factors that may underlay conflict in Mandera. The study covered the period between 2004 and 2009. For better understanding of the conflict, the study utilized the Homer-Dixon's theoretical framework, which analyses why violent conflicts occur. The proponents of this theory argue that conflicts can be induced by scarcity of any need against the competing demands.

Determinants of effective budget implementation of donor Funded programmes: a case of ministry of agriculture, Livestock & fisheries Kenya

The budget is a standard against which the actual performance can be compared and measured. Budgets are used to communicate top management’s expectations to managers and employees. The budgeting process provides for coordinated planning among different functional areas. Budgets are financial blueprints that quantify a firm’s plans for a future period. Budgets require the management to specify expected sales, cash inflows and outflows, and costs; and they provide a mechanism for effective planning and control in organizations.

Factors influencing safe water and sanitation practices on community health in Kenya: a case of Kajiado central district

Safe water and adequate sanitation are basic to the health of every person on the planet, yet many people throughout the world do not have access to these fundamental needs. The purpose of this study was to establish the factors Influencing safe water and sanitation practices on community health of Kajiado Central District Residents, Kenya, through the knowledge, attitude and practices survey for constructed water points. The study was conceived due to the fact that developing countries are lagging behind in meeting the set millennium goal and Kenya being one of them.

Identification of DNA markers specific to medium-sized chromosomes 4 of Trypanosoma congolense

Genomic DNA from T. congolense clone I~1180 was purified and resolved by pulsed field gradient gel electrophoresis (PFGE) technique to separate the genome into chromosome-sized DNA molecules. PFGE conditions most ideal for separation of the four medium-sized chromosomes were optimized. The sizes of the four medium-sized chromosomes were determined as 340 Kb, 360 Kb, 400 Kb and 500 Kb (designated chromosomes 1-4). The separated chromosome bands were individually cut from agarose gel and DNA purified.

An analysis of inbreeding levels and factors affecting growth and reproductive traits in the Kenya Alpine dairy goat

The level of inbreeding of the Kenya Alpine dairy goat was investigated by use of Brian Kinghorn’s Pedigree viewer© software. From 1,067 doe records, data on parentage was extracted and this resulted to 3,516 individual records that were used for calculating individual inbreeding coefficients for the period 1999 to 2009. The rate of inbreeding (ΔF) was estimated as the difference between the individual inbreeding (Ft) and the inbreeding of the parents (Ft-1) divided by (1-Ft-1).

Characterization of grade dairy cattle owning households in mixed small scale farming systems of Vihiga, Kenya

This study characterized grade dairy cattle owning households, specifically understanding the farm system as influenced by grade dairy cattle production systems. Information was collected through a pre-tested structured questionnaire, administered to a purposive sample of 236 grade dairy cattle owning households in Vihiga from April to August 2005. Results obtained showed 0.76, 0.54, 0.58 and 0.24 acres of land were allocated to maize/beans, napier grass, tea and natural pastures/fallow land respectively.

Canine echinococcosis in northwest Libya: assessment of coproantigen ELISA, and a survey of infection with analysis of risk factors.

In order to determine the prevalence and risk factors for canine echinococcosis in different endemic localities in the Tripoli area of northwest Libya, stray dogs were examined post-mortem, and owned dogs screened for Echinococcus granulosus infection using a standardised genus specific coproantigen ELISA. The prevalence of E. granulosus infection at necropsy in stray-dogs was 25.8% (15/58, 95% CI 15.3–39.0%), and 21.6% (72/334, 95% CI 17.3–26.4%) of owned dogs tested were positive by coproantigen ELISA.

The role of drought tolerant food crops in food and Nutrition security status among low income households in Kasikeu Division, Makueni District-Kenya

Makueni district experiences chronic food insecurity and is ranked the highest in food poverty incidences (71%). Over the past five years, various stakeholders have put some efforts to improve household food security by promoting the growing and utilization of drought tolerant food crops in the district. The purpose of this study was to establish whether growing and utilisation of drought tolerant food crops enhances food and nutrition security in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands.

Capacity Building For Sustainabble Use Of Animal Gnetic Resources In Developing Countries- Anew Approach.

A new approach for capacity building, "training the trainers", addressing university faculty and other NARS scientists in developing countries, has been implemented to strengthen the sustainable use of Animal Genetic Resources (AnGR) through improved research and teaching. The project is carried out in collaboration between ILRI and SLU.

Reservoir sedimentation and catchment land use

The thesis is based on a study of two silted up reservoirs and the surrounding catchment in a semi-arid part of Machakos District, Kenya.The catchment (11. 4 km2) is located near Salama market. 80 km on Nairobi - Mombasa road. The area has annual rainfall in the range 500 - 800 mm and annual temperature between lS·C and 20·C. The catchment area under study has two silted up reservoirs. First is the Kwa Hiui on the lower part and whose catchment area is 4.5 Km2. Secondly, the Ndoloni reservoir on the upper part and whose catchment area is 3.2 Km2.

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