Gender segregated perceptions and behavior on benefits and selected health risks associated with urban dairy farming in Dagoretti division, Nairobi

There is a tremendous increase in urban growth especially in developing countries and with this, demand for food in urban areas is also increasing. Urban dairy farming has emerged as a response to increasing food demand in urban areas, to address rising unemployment rates, to increase purchasing power and income levels in the households. However, apart from providing benefits, urban dairy can be a source of health risks to the human population due to the presence of potential zoonotic diseases and other health hazards.

Occurrence of a severe acute livestock poisoning by borehole water in Marsabit district, Kenya: A case study.

This article report on an outbreak of acute livestock poisoning by bore hole water that occurred at Kargi in Marsabit District, Kenya in 2000. The borehole had been out of use for 3 years and after its was rehabi Iitation, 7,000 died within a day after drinking the water. The most affected were shoats, cattle, camels and dogs with moralities of up to 90%. Donkeys and humans were only mildly affected with no deaths reported. Clinical signs occurred within Ihr after drinking the water.

Potential health risks associated with urban livestock farming in Nakuru municipality: a case of bovine tuberculosis and aflatoxicosis.

The high rate of urbanization following rural-urban migration and natural population growth has led to increased food demands, more than the rural production systems can handle. The high population has also led to an acute shortage in employment especially in the formal sector. As one of the coping strategies, the urban dwellers have opted to agriculture, which involves both crop and animal production.

Simulated livestock dynamics - effects of pastoral offtake practices and drift on cattle wealth

To demonstrate the feasibility of simulation as an analytical tool in the study of livestock input/output relationships, project planning and policy evaluation, a species-independent package (DADAS) was used to analyse simulated data generated for pastoral cattle herds using a set of demographic constants for survival rate, ♀ sterility, age at 1st calving and calving interval. It was shown that a cow culling age of 11 yr would be expected to maximise offtake rate and to stabilise the cattle population. This threshold was derived by the deterministic module of the package used.

Massai indigenous Knowledge on Range vegetation analysis, Utilization and management

A participatory vegetation inventory and research was conducted in Mashuuru Division, Kajiado District of Kenya, with an overall objective of capturing the indigenous knowledge of the Maasai pastoralist community on vegetation resources. Data collection was done through questionnaires, community workshops and meetings whereby the pastoralist, administration and extension personnel, and prominent leaders were invited. Representative pastoralists were engaged during the actual field data collection to assist in naming of vegetation types and uses of plant species encountered.

Consumption of non timber forest products (NTFPs) in Kakamega forest, Western Kenya: accessibility, role and value to resident rural households

Dependency on natural resources in the ‘commons’ still ranks very high among rural communities in many developing countries. Kakamega forest in Kenya is one example of a local ‘common’ that supports a huge rural population. The forest is a high biodiversity area and for generations has been an important source of local people’s livelihoods. The forest is managed by three distinct organizations.

Productivity of cross-bred goats under smallholder production systems in the Eastern highlands of Kenya

Dairy goats have become increasingly popular among smallholder mixed crop-livestock farmers. Their profitability will determine their growth within smallholder production systems. A survey was carried out in 114 farmer groups, representing 435 goat herds and 1676 goats. Data on reproductive and growth performance, milk production and flock dynamics (deaths, births, and sales) were collected between October 2001 and September 2003. The genotypes involved were the local East African goat, pure Toggenburg (T) and their crosses (F1) and 3/4T.

Ethnoknowledge of Bukusu community on livestock tick prevention and control in Bungoma district, western Kenya

To date, nomadic communities in Africa have been the primary focus of ethnoveterinary research. The Bukusu of western Kenya have an interesting history, with nomadic lifestyle in the past before settling down to either arable or mixed arable/pastoral farming systems. Their collective and accumulative ethnoveterinary knowledge is likely to be just as rich and worth documenting. The aim of the present study was to document indigenous knowledge of the Bukusu on the effect of livestock ticks and ethnopractices associated with their management.

Poverty and health: implications for the nurse midwife

The gene Q13L coding for the Capripoxvirus group specific structural protein P32 was expressed in Escherichia coli using plasmid pGEX-2T as a fusion protein with glutathione-s-transferase and purified on glutathione sepharose affinity chromatography column. The protein was then employed for diagnosis of sheeppox, goatpox and lumpyskin disease, by a latex agglutination test (LAT) using the purified P32 antigen and guinea pig detector antiserum raised against the P32 antigen.

Common Range, Different Tribes: Explaining Resource Use, Management and Productivity among the Akamba, Orma and Somali in the former Eastern Statelands of Kenya

This paper describes the major livelihood activities of three ethnic communities who use in common the former Kenyan Eastern Statelands. It also looks at how the livelihoods and the range could be improved while maintaining the common access to resources, so as to avoid potential conflicts. It is suggested that for improvement of range management the unsettled lands should be accessed by all the communities under ranching societies without having to exclude non-members. A number of approaches should be instituted, including bush control and reseeding.

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