EATIRI, East Africa Targeted Investment for Research Impact (Ethiopia and Kenya) who attended LCC CRSP All Scientists Research Meeting in East Africa, in Addis …

The aim of the meeting was to bring all scientists with research projects in East Africa funded by Livestock Climate Change Collaborative Research systems programme (LCC CRSP) (now renamed Innovation Lab for Livestock Research), Colorado State University to foster networking and map out collaboration areas. TIRI, Targeted Investment for Research Impact, open to early-career researchers in Nepal and East Africa is a LCC CRSP Programme that identifies early-career researchers who are interested in tackling livestock production problems with innovative approaches and from fresh perspectives.

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Health-Care Waste Management and Associated Health Risks in the Two Teaching and Referral Hospitals in Kenya

Hazardous health-care waste poses a great danger to public health and the environment if it is not properly managed. There is need for health-care workers involved in its management to understand the integral link between human health and environmental health. This study was done to identify gaps in knowledge, attitude and practice among the healthcare workers involved in its management hence endangering public health and polluting the environment.

The Impact of food availability in the Household on the food security status of children under five years in Usigu division,Bondo district

To determine the association between household food availability and food security of children below five years of age. The methods of data collection included, structured questionnaires, participant observations, focus group discussions and key informants. Data was analysed qualitatively and quantitatively, through critical descriptions, percentage tables and cross-tabulations. Majority of the respondents produced their own food from their farms rather than purchasing it from the markets. Respondents who combined livestock rearing with farming i.e.

The impact of villagisation on rural development:Acase study of Iramba District Tanzania

Rural development Policy in Tanzania is the core of overall national social development. The country believes that rural development can be achieved much faster through rural transformation, and that this can be accomplished by making people live in "Planned” villages through the villanisation programme. This is based on the argument that when people live together in these villages, social and other services and facilities will be easily and cheaply provided thus leading to accelerated development. In essence, this is the core objective of the whole villanisation programme.

An assessment of the role of different cadres of animal health service providers in animal health service delivery in Kiambu district, Kenya.

This study was found necessary due to the changing nature of the veterinary services in Kenya whereby, hitherto, the delivery of veterinary services had been solely dependent on the government until some components were privatised. Privatisation was ad hoc as there were no policies in place to ensure quality of the services provided. The overall objective of the study was therefore to assess the role of private animal health service providers in the provision of veterinary services in Kiambu District, Kenya.

Analysis of early survival of Holstein-Friesian heifers of diverse sire origins on commercial dairy farms in Kenya.

The use of imported semen within the Holstein-Friesian cattle population in Kenya has contributed to increased milk production per cow, however, information on how this has impacted on functional traits, particularly early life survival and reproductive performance is scarce. This study evaluated age at first calving (AFC), survival to age at first calving, and survival to four years of age using survival analyses techniques, in Holstein-Friesian cattle on four dairy farms in Kenya. The heritability estimate obtained for AFC was 0.15 +/- 0.06 for an average AFC of 1058 days.

Expression of trypanotolerance in N’Dama x Boran crosses under field challenge in relation to N’Dama genome content

Animal trypanosomosis in sub-Saharan Africa is a major obstacle to livestock based agriculture. Control relies on drugs with increasing incidence of multiple-drug resistance. A previous mapping experiment in an F2 population derived from the indigenous trypanotolerant N’Dama cattle crossed to susceptible (Kenya)-Boran cattle under controlled challenge, uncovered a number of trypanotolerance QTL (T-QTL).

Serological survey of leptospiral antibodies in cattle, sheep and goats in Nyandarua district of Kenya

Leptospirosis is a common zoonotic disease of a world-wide importance. It causes economic loss to livestock industry from abortions, stillbirths, deaths, decreased milk production and infertility, The Leptospira organisms survive best in areas with high rainfall, soil pH of around neutral and temperature range of about 7-34°Cl11. A study was carried out to establish the prevalence of leptospiral antibodies in cattle, sheep and goats in Nyandarua district which has climatic conditions favour¬able to survival of Leptospira organisms.

Factors influencing adoption of commercial rabbit production among farmers in Nakuru district, Kenya

In recent years there has been increased awareness of the advantages of rabbit meat production in developing countries as a means to alleviate world food shortages. This is largely attributable to the rabbit's high rate of reproduction; early maturity; rapid growth rate; high genetic selection potential; efficient feed and land space utilization; limited competition with humans for similar foods; and high-quality nutritious meat. Globally rabbit production is estimated at more than 1.5 million tons per year, according to (FAO).

The role of community-based conservation on poverty reduction in Westgate community conservancy in Samburu

Protected areas have always been seen as a kind of alien elements, another heritage from colonial times, mostly more beneficial to tourists from rich countries than the country's own poor population especially the people living around the parks. The problem with many of the past efforts to conserve nature has been that nature conservation has taken place without paying any attention to the interests and needs of local people. Local communities seldom had any advantages from tourism. The income primarily went to the tourism industry and to the central government.

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