The concept of environmentally induced conflict: a case study of Northern Kenya

Population and environment are closely entwined in a complex and dynamic relationship. Over the past three to four decades, some economists, biologists, and environmentalists have been debating the role of population in environmental degradation. The objective of this study is to investigate the concept of environmentally induced conflict. A qualitative approach will be adopted to produce the descriptive data to assess the concept of environmentally induced conflict in Northern Kenya.

Characterization of water source types and uses in Kirisia forest watershed, Samburu county, Kenya.

Kenya’s dry-land water catchments are valued for their water provision services but their conservation is given little attention. This study was carried out between October and December 2015 and documented water source types and uses by humans and livestock in Kirisia Forest watershed. Different water source types exist in the watershed including earth dams, water pans, shallow wells, boreholes, springs and streams. The estimated population of livestock and locals using these sources was 180,645 and 147, 060 respectively.

For a long time, the Maasai Community has been engaging in raring livestock such as cattle, goats and sheep. This, as well. has been their major source of income since livestock plays a vital role of serving as a social utility in their community. Being a

Climate change is a reality and has impacted negatively on the Kenyan rangeland. Cyclic droughts continue to pose a threat to pastoralists whose livelihood is based on livestock. (Re) stocking of camels by various development agencies and partners was meant to address pastoralist’s household food security and resilience. This study assessed the social-economic impact of camel stocking projects with emphasis on non-traditional camel keeping communities.

Collaborating with Maasai Community in Protecting the Environment

For a long time, the Maasai Community has been engaging in raring livestock such as cattle, goats and sheep. This, as well. has been their major source of income since livestock plays a vital role of serving as a social utility in their community. Being a Nilotic ethnic group of semi-nomadic people, livestock rating is an inclination that has been passed on from generations. Their growth in population and the fact that they are best known to reside near game parks makes them encroach into forests in search of pasture for their livestock.

Wetlands characterization; use by local communities and role in supporting biodiversity in the semiarid Ijara district, Kenya

This study was carried out in the semi-arid Ijara district, north eastern Kenya, whose wetlands form critical dry-season range for a diverse wildlife community, as well as livestock and humans. The aim of the project was to provide essential information for conservation and sustainable use of wetlands in the semiarid district.

Strategic management practices adopted by the directorate of veterinary services, ministry of agriculture, livestock and fisheries, Kenya

The Government of Kenya has made strategic planning mandatory for all government organizations. Strategic planning is a new concept in public organizations. Strategic planning without effective strategic management is unlikely to lead to success. Strategic management is a continuous process that ensures effective implementation, evaluation and control of strategic plans. Without execution, strategic plans are useless.

Food safety and food security linkage: a focus on livestock products

Food safety is of high priority nationally and internationally. It implies absence or acceptable and safe levels of contaminants (chemical, physical and biological) in food, adulterants, naturally occurring toxins or any other substance that may make food injurious to health or an acute or chronic basis. The prevailing food production, handling, processing and distribution systems determine the safety of food. This paper explores the linkage between food safety and food security with a focus on livestock products.

The Socio-economic Impact of Important Camel Diseases as Perceived by a Pastoralist Community in Kenya

This paper presents the results of a study conducted in a pastoral community in Kenya using participatory appraisal approaches. The objective of the study was to assess the socio-economic impact of camel trypanosomosis (surra) according to the perceptions of the pastoralists. Four livestock grazing units were conveniently selected and in each of them, three groups of key informants comprising five to eight persons were selected for the participatory exercises.

Socio-economic and phytoecological environment of nomads in smallholder irrigation schemes in Isiolo district, Kenya

This study was motivated by the fact that natural resources need to be understood within the context and in relation to the surrounding socio-economic environment. The two objectives of the study were firstly to identify the socio-economic response by nomadic pastoralists to smallholder irrigation schemes in Isiolo District and secondly to assess the phytoecology status of the study area. The first objective was achieved through questionnaires on the farming objective, phytoecological populations.

Sediment impacts in Africa's transboundary lake/river basins: Case study of the East African Great Lakes

The current population pressure, inappropriate cultivation practices, forest removal and high grazing intensities on forests, wetlands, rangelands and marginal agricultural lands leads to unwanted sediment and stream flow changes that mainly impacts the downstream human and natural communities. Forests and bush are cleared, and wetlands are encroached to create space for human settlement, roads construction and to satisfy wood fuel energy demands.

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