Trajectories of Evolution and Extinction in the Swedish Cattle Breeds

An assessment of the current status and possible future dynamics of the domestic animal species is a critical step in the management of Animal Genetic Resources (AnGR). Permanent extinction of livestock breeds is considered to be the main reason for the loss of genetic diversity (Scherf, 2000). So far, the pace of the extinction process of livestock breeds has outstripped the creation of new breeds leading to a remarkable loss of genetic diversity (Gandini et al., 2004). The FAO’s Global Databank for AnGR predicts the loss of breeds at one breed per month (DAD-IS web).

Economic analysis of beef ranching: the case of Laikipia District Kenya

The principal objectives of this study were to evaluate beef ranch income by comparing gross returns from sale of livestock with costs of production. Using net income as an indicat6r of ranch profitability, the study determined factors that influence this level of profitability from beef ranching in Laikipia. Data used in this study were collected through a survey of a sample of ranches. Two types of data were used. These were cross-section and time-series data from the sample.

Application of GPS and GIS in dairy livestock management

Dairy farming plays an important part in Kenya’s economy. Any activities contributing to itsimprovement can only improve the livelihoods of its dependents. Proper record keeping isa prerequisite for improvement in management, breeding and ultimately in productivity ofthe sector. Currently there is poor participation in dairy recording with only less than 1% of the eligibledairy herd being milk recorded at the national level.

Estimating seroprevalence and variation to four tick-borne infections and determination of associated risk factors in cattle under traditional mixed farming system in Mbeere District, Kenya

A cross-sectional study of serum antibody responses of cattle to tick-borne disease (TBD) parasites (Theileria parva, Theileria mutans, Anaplasma marginale and Babesia bigemina) was conducted on traditional smallholder mixed farms in Mbeere District in Kenya. The objective was to estimate the infections’ seroprevalence and variation and identify associated risk factors. A total of 440 cattle in 80 farms, selected by stratified random sampling from the four divisions in the district, were surveyed.

Factors influencing women empowerment among pastoral communities: a case of Gabra community of Marsabit county in Kenya.

This study was carried out to identify factors influencing women empowerment among pastoral communities, a case of Gabra community of Marsabit County in Kenya. Gender equality and women’s empowerment, a third Millennium Development Goal is considered to be an essential component of sustainable economic growth and poverty reduction. However, for pastoralist community gender inequality is acute and deep-rooted, much more so than in society at large.

Planning for rural health services : A case study of south Imenti Division Meru district

Development of Kenya cannot be separated from the health of the individual Kenyan. One of the objects of development is to enable the individual to live a healthier and therefore happier life. It is true that when there is much ill-health, people are neither happy nor productive, so that the development of their country is delayed. This study thus set out to study factors that affect and influence the state of health prevailing in most rural areas with a aim of providing socio-economic, cultural and physically determined solutions to the health problem.

Ethnoveterinary and phytomedicinal practices among the Bahima community in Uganda: test of indigenous knowledge using plant anthelmintics

Ethnoveterinary medicine has been practiced in East Africa for many years and is still being practiced though on a declining trend, and a lot of valuable information can be lost or distorted whenever a medicine man dies without revealing his/her knowledge. Due to migration, regional conflicts and urbanisation, more and more of the old knowledge is slowly getting lost and what the old/new is not valued any more.

Ethnoveterinary and phytomedicinal practices among the Bahima community in Uganda: test of indigenous knowledge using plant anthelmintics

Ethnoveterinary medicine has been practiced in East Africa for many years and is still being practiced though on a declining trend, and a lot of valuable information can be lost or distorted whenever a medicine man dies without revealing his/her knowledge. Due to migration, regional conflicts and urbanisation, more and more of the old knowledge is slowly getting lost and what the old/new is not valued any more.

Wildlife-Livestock Interface In A Changing Environment

Wildlife-livestock interface defines the interaction between free ranging wildlife and livestock and livestock husbandry practices. This occurs as a result of belonging to the same or bordering ecosystems or sharing of resources. In the past the interface was largely transient such as pastoralist livestock passing through the wildlife concentration areas in search of pasture and water, but now the livestock and wildlife utilize the same resources in common grounds.

Vulnerability, climate change and livestock–opportunities and challenges for the poor

Livestock systems in developing countries are characterised by rapid change, driven by factors such as population growth, increases in the demand for livestock products as incomes rise, and urbanisation. Climate change is adding to the considerable development challenges posed by these drivers of change. How can livestock keepers take advantage of the increasing demand for livestock products, where this is feasible, and how can the livestock assets of the poor be protected in the face of changing and increasingly variable climates?

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