Monitoring of livestock health and production in sub-Saharan Africa

We begin by stressing that relevant and adequate information is an essential ingredient of efficient decision-making processes aimed at optimising the performance of livestock enterprises. Such decisions are universally made, so that though different approaches may be required, animal health and production monitoring (HPM) is as important in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) as it is in livestock systems in other parts of the world.

Surface Water Contamination By Livestock In Migori District: A Case For One Health

The quality of water in grazing lands is primarily a function of interrelationships between precipitation (interval, duration, and intensity), landscape characteristics, and livestock use. Water quality from grazing lands is impaired when suspended solids (soil particles, organic matter particles), nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus), bacteria, and pesticides exceed standards for specific uses. Pollutants enter streams and rivers through surface overflow (runoff) as suspended or dissolved materials.

The Potential use of Plant Anthelmintics for the Control of Livestock Helminthoses in Kenya

Helminthoses are a major constraint to livestock production in Kenya. The control of these infections by the use of synthetic anthelmintics is constrained by a number of problems that include; lack of foreign exchange to import them, development of anthelmintic resistance, lack of finance to purchase them, unavailability and misuse due to lack of appropriate information. The use of plant anthelmintics would be a rational alternative to bridge these shortfalls. In some tropical countries, research work has been carried out to validate this possibility.

Methodological Issues and Applications in Economic Evaluation of Alternative Livestock Diseases Control Strategies: The Case of the CBPP Quarantine Line in North-Eastern Kenya

Contagious bovine pleuro-pneumonia (CBPP) is one of the endemic and life-threatening livestock diseases in the arid and semi-arid land areas (ASALs) of Kenya, which justify the case for the control of livestock diseases to avoid the spread of such diseases from the ASALs to the rest of the country, and a CBPP control quarantine line (CQL) that to help prevent the spread of CBPP from the ASALs of North-eastern Kenya to the rest of the country has been in existence since the colonial (pre-1963) times in Kenya.

Comparative returns from livestock and crops among the agro-pastoralists of Magadi division, Kajiado District, Kenya

A cross-sectional study was conducted in Kajiado District in August 2003 to estimate incomes from livestock and crop agricultural enterprises, and assess important factors associated with them. Purposive and random selection of pastoralists and their animals was used in order to collect data which were then analyzed using descriptive statistics and Generalized Linear Models from the households (HHs) that were all headed by men.

An Economic Analysis Of The Contribution Of Livestock To Household Incomes In Migori District, Kenya.

Agricultural activities significantly contribute to household income in rural parts of Kenya. This study was conducted in Uriri, Karungu and Nyatike divisions of Migori district. The objective of the study was to examine the contribution of livestock to household incomes in relation to livelihood outcomes. Survey instruments were used to collect cross-sectional data from 212 households selected non-randomly. The study findings from income calculation indicate that there was an association between livestock ownership and mean household incomes ( χ2 5df, P<0.000).

Assessment of performance and competitiveness of Somaliland livestock sector using value chain analysis.

An assessment of the performance and competitiveness of Somaliland livestock sector was done using livestock value chain analysis. Results of the analysis revealed that livestock production involving cattle, sheep, goats and camels is the region’s primary economic activity. Livestock markets and infrastructure exist for both domestic and export trade. Market channels are served by a number of interconnecting primary and secondary markets linked to several production areas. Local markets involve livestock slaughter and marketing of meat to local consumers.

Factors influencing the use of medicinal plants on the improvement of livestock health in Kitui district;a case of Mutitu and Mwitika Divisions

Traditional medicine practice in Kenya like in many African countries is widespread and deep rooted. It is respected by local communities because of its proven effectiveness over many generations. Before the arrival of Western medicine, African communities were well served by famous medicine men whose ability to cure many ailments using plant materials was well known. In Kenya, traditional practice was banned in the early 1920s and continues well into the second decade of independence But was relaxed in the 80s.

Livestock diagnostic support system for rural pastoralist communities in Kenya: a prototype

The goal of this project was to develop a functional livestock diagnostic prototype to be used by pastoralist communities in arid and semi arid lands of Kenya. The prototype will be used by non-experts in the veterinary domain to address pastoralist livestock health needs. The prototype has been implemented using artificial neural network that learns on existing and emerging livestock diseases. Learning involves training the network via a graphical user interface provided by the system. Our neural network uses supervised learning, where a set of input and output values (i.e.

Factors affecting the delivery of animal health care services by community-based animal health workers in Isiolo County, Kenya

Livestock health service delivery in many developing countries is undergoing privatization as part of an international restructuring for economic development. One widely publicized initiative to refocus livestock health service delivery has been the introduction of community-based animal health workers. This initiative involves training community-selected representatives in basic animal health care and livestock production techniques.


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