Factors influencing implementation of livestock projects in the arid and semi-arid lands: a case of central division of Kajiado Central District

The livestock sector productivity in the sub-Saharan Africa has been declining in the recent past. This is despite massive investment by the respective countries and donor funding of various livestock and livestock related projects. This can be attributed to various factors influencing implementation of veterinary projects such as government policies and their respective implementation framework, cultural, social and economic activities and the infrastructure and physical terrain of the ASALs.

The shift from mobile pastoralism to sedentary crop-livestock farming in the drylands of eastern Africa: Some issues and challenges for researc

The Drylands of Eastern Africa have been home to many mobile/nomadic pastoral communities for centuries. These communities traversed large areas in search of pasture and water for their livestock. The objective of their livelihood system was subsistence based on milk. However, within the past one third of a century or so, there has been a sharp shift towards sedenta ry type of production and livelihood system. This shift has been caused by, inter alia , economic, political, demographic and environmental changes.

The Prevalence of Hydatidosis in Slaughtered Livestock in Kenya

Using the post-mortem meat inspection records available in the department of veterinary services, Kabete, a retrospective abattoir survey was carried out to determine the prevalence of hydatidosis in cattle sheep, goats and pigs for a ten-year period (1989-1998) in Kenya. The prevalence was calculated for each of the 7 provinces and the overall prevalence for 7 provinces was then calculated from the pooled provincial data.

Brucellosis in sub-Saharan Africa: epidemiology, control and impact

Brucellosis is an important disease among livestock and people in sub-Saharan Africa. In general, the incidence is the highest in pastoral production systems and decreases as herd size and size of landholding decreases. The prevalence of risk factors for infections are best understood for bovine brucellosis and to a lesser extent for ovine and caprine brucellosis. The occurrence and epidemiology of brucellosis in pigs is poorly understood. This species bias is also reflected in control activities.

Strategies and challenges of promoting the export of livestock and livestock products by firms in the Kenyan livestock industry: the animal health perspective

Strategies are important and can be found at all levels of the organization. All types of enterprises need business strategies to give them direction and purpose. They need strategy to deploy resources in the most effective manner as well as coordinating the stream of decisions made by different members of the organization. Without strategy an enterprise is like a ship without radar to give direction. Firms in the livestock industry operate in highly competitive niche markets.

Livestock Versus Wildlife Ranching In Kenyan Rangelands: A Case Study Of Laikipia District Ranches.

Past research has shown that livestock ranching per se has failed to sustain economic development in Laikipia district. Exploratory study results of livestock-wildlife mixed ranching in the district over the last two years are discussed. The results reveal a web of interactive factors involving land tenur, livestock development, disease control, marketing and environmental conservation that need to be considered if the newly emerging mixed -livestock ranching system can be feasible.

An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for livestock hydatidosis based on a partially purified thermo-stable antigen.

A total of 227 livestock sera including: 68 sera from cattle (35 from cattle with hydatid cysts at post-mortem inspection and 33 from cattle with no hydatid cysts); 80 sera from sheep (25 with hydatid cysts and 55 without); 79 goat sera (16 with hydatid cysts and 63 without) were examined by ELISA based on hydatid cyst fluid thermo-stable antigen. When a titre of 1:50 and above was considered positive, a sensitivity of 68%, 88% and 51%, and a specificity of 54%, 40% and 70%, were obtained with sheep, goat and cattle sera, respectively.


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