Seroprevalence of bovine leukosis infection in selected farming systems in Kenya

Bovine leukosis infection (EBL) is a worldwide occurring disease of cattle caused by the bovine leukemia virus and is clinically characterised by occurrence of multiple lympho-sarcomas in about 10% of the infected cattle. In Africa, prevalence of Bovine leukosis infection has been reported in Namibia, Egypt, South Africa, Uganda and Tanzania. In Kenya, cases of bovine lympho-sarcomas have been reported but the incidence, prevalence and distribution of the disease in the country remains unknown.

Conceptualisation and measurement challenges in modelling pastorilists' risk and vulnerability instigated by droughts in the group ranches of Kenya

This on-going study is assessing and modeling vulnerability and risks faced by pastoral communities in the dry areas of Lakipia in Kenya. Preliminary results from participatory rural appraisal indicate that poverty is widespread and the area suffers from frequent drought, water shortage, shortage of pasture, livestock diseases and predation and animal human conflicts. More indepth analysis and modeling are still to be done.

URI

http://hdl.handle.net/11295/85454

Response of sweetpotato dual purpose varieties to harvesting regime

Feeds are a major constraint to livestock production in Kenya. Sweetpotato dual purpose varieties can be used to reduce feed resource competition and provide high quality livestock feeds during dry seasons. A study was done to evaluate the dry matter yields of six sweet potato varieties. Specific objectives were to determine dry matter yield of vines and tubers, root to vine ratios, marketable roots, and performance of the six varieties at different harvesting regimes (75 and 150 days post planting).The varieties tested were Gweri, Kemb-23, Naspot-l , Musinyamu, Wagabolige and 103001.152.

Response of sweetpotato dual purpose varieties to harvesting regime

Feeds are a major constraint to livestock production in Kenya. Sweetpotato dual purpose varieties can be used to reduce feed resource competition and provide high quality livestock feeds during dry seasons. A study was done to evaluate the dry matter yields of six sweet potato varieties. Specific objectives were to determine dry matter yield of vines and tubers, root to vine ratios, marketable roots, and performance of the six varieties at different harvesting regimes (75 and 150 days post planting).The varieties tested were Gweri, Kemb-23, Naspot-l , Musinyamu, Wagabolige and 103001.152.

Factors influencing sustainability of community water projects: a case of Kitui west sub county, Kitui county

More than a billion people in developing world are vulnerable to access on daily basis, a reliable source of clean water. The national governments and Non-Governmental Organization have invested large sums of money over years developing community water projects to address the problem of accessibility of water, but the aspect of sustainability of the water projects is left in the hands of the community resulting to high failure rates of these projects. In order to make the investments in water supplies more effective, failure rates of these projects should be reduced.

Levels of organochlorine pesticide residues in breastmilk and cow milk in central division of Machakos district

The levels of organochlorine pesticide residues were determined by gas chromatography in 147· human milk and 21 pooled cow milk samples, collected from two different agroecological zones of central division of Machakos, Kenya. The human milk samples were from mothers who had lived in the study area for over 5 years, were healthy and at the time breast feeding first or second child. The milk samples were collected at 1 week to 4 months postpartum. A total of 23 pesticide residues were detected in breastmilk, while 17 pesticide residues were detected in cow milk.

Water scarcity and economic productivity of women: a case study of Kibauni division, Machakos county.

Water is vital for life and a key catalyst to socio-economic development as well as maintenance of environmental integrity in any region. It is an essential resource for sustaining life as well as central to agriculture and rural development and affects the livelihoods of millions of rural people across the world. Water scarcity is an issue that affects the economy negatively. It affects one in three people on every continent of the globe. The situation is getting worse as needs for water rise along with population growth, urbanization and increases in household and industrial uses.

A comparative analysis of the use of maternal health services between teenagers and older mothers in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Demographic and Health

This paper uses Demographic and Health Surveys data from 21 countries in sub-Saharan Africa to examine the use of maternal health services by teenagers. A comparison of maternal health care between teenagers and older women, based on bivariate analysis shows little variation in maternal health care by age.

Determinants And Distribution Of Catastrophic Health Expenditures And Impoverishment In Kenya

The Constitution of Kenya, 2010 guarantees citizen the right to health. The Kenya health policy commits the government to offer easy, accessible, reasonable and valuable health care services to the population countrywide (Republic of Kenya, 2015a). However, the government is faced with budgetary constraints; hence the health services are provided under a serious resource constrained setting. An analysis of patterns of health care expenditure is essential for assessing levels of inequalities in health care needs and access.

Analysis of Translation of Health Information by Journalists From English to Kiswahili

This project analysed the translation of health information by journalists from English to Kishwahili. The main purpose was to analyse the challenges encountered by journalist/reporters in translating health information to the audience, then secondly I investigated the challenges encountered by journalists in translating health information to audience and lastly I identified the factors that can help overcome the challenges of translating health information by reporters: borrowing, omission and addition.

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