Declaration on mental health in Africa: moving to implementation.

Urgent action is needed to address mental health issues globally. In Africa, where mental health disorders account for a huge burden of disease and disability, and where in general less than 1% of the already small health budgets are spent on these disorders, the need for action is acute and urgent. Members of the World Health Organization, including African countries, have adopted a Comprehensive Mental Health Action Plan.

Agrochemicals pose health risks to coffee factory workers in Githuguri (Kenya)

In this century, the use of pesticides and fertilizers (agrochemicals) is indispensable because they are seen as a panacea for protecting crops from insects and diseases. However. the manner in which these agrochemicals are handled poses significant health risks to manufacturers, transporters. vendors and farmers. In Kenya, for example; coffee factory workers (specifically storekeepers) apportion the agrochemicals and sell them to the coffee farmers. The process of apportioning and other factors expose these workers to health risks. In order to evaluate the extent of the problem.

The impact of gender inequalities on food Securityin rural households in Nyansiongo Sub - Location Nyamira county

The study examined the impact of gender inequalities on food security in rural households in Nyansiongo Sub - Location, Nyamira County. The research sought answers to the following questions: One, what resources do women in Nyansiongo Sub - Location access a nd control to ensure household food security? Two, what are the attitudes and perceptions of women in Nyansiongo Sub - Location to ensure food security in their households? Three, what is the level of participation in decision making by the women in Nyansi ongo Sub - Location to ensure food security in their households?

Prevalence of streptococcus a gala ctiae and Staphylococcus aureus in camel (camelus dromedarius) Milk in Garissa and Wajir districts of kenya, their Sensitivity to antibiotics and acceptability of Camel milk and its products

Camel milk is commonly consumed raw by pastoralists in arid areas who may be unaware of the risks posed by such milk. It was therefore very important to determine the prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus agalactiae, which are some of the most common pathogens in such milk. Camel milk samples from Garissa and Wajir were analyzed to determine the prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus agalactiae. The antibiotic resistance of the bacteria was also studied. Milk samples (n =207) were aseptically obtained from primary marketing agents.

An evaluation of Tithonia diversifolia and Sapium ellipticum as supplement fodder for Ruminants

Studies were carried out to investigate the potential of Tithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) and Sapium ellipticum (Sapium), local livestock fodder species, grown in Eastern, Central, Coastal and Western provinces of Kenya. Fodder from the two species was harvested, dried into hay under shade and their nutritional potential assessed at the KARl Regional Centre, Embu, Kenya. The effects of shade and sun on stem height, leaf to stem ratio and dry matter yields (Biomass production) of the two fodder species was determined.

Factors Influencing Dairy Cooperative Societies Performance In Mathira And Kieni Constituencies, Nyeri County, Kenya

Dairy cooperative societies are very central to sustainable development as they are mainly intended to empower the communities especially in rural areas where agriculture is the main stay. According to United Nations estimates, the cooperative movement has brought 800 million people together globally. Dairy farmers have relied more heavily upon dairy cooperative societies to market their milk than have farmers of any other commodity.

Traditional strategies used by pastoralists to cope with la nina induced drought in Kajiado, Kenya

Pastoralists traditionally relied on herd mobility to cope with drought. In the pastoral areas of Kajiado, Kenya this strategy is now threatened by increased individual land ownership as compared to communal access. Drought frequency as related to El-Nino and Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is predicated to increase with climate change. The aim of the study was investigate the use of herd mobility strategy in the ENSO related 1999/2000 la Nina induced drought under different land tenure types and varying household cattle wealth.

Capacity building for sustainable use of animal genetic resources in developing countries. ILRI-SLU Project progress report for the period 1999-2003

To promote a sustainable and improved use of animal genetic resources in developing countries, ILRI in collaboration with the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), and supported by Sida (Sweden), launched a project training the trainers, for national agricultural research systems (NABS) scientists (national university teachers and researchers) in developing countries.

Determinants of household food security in Lugari and Makueni sub-counties, Kenya

The study was carried out to assess the determinants of household food security among households in Lugari and Makueni sub-Counties. Secondary household data collected from 2000 randomly selected households in both sub-counties by the Ministry of Agriculture under the NALEP program was used for analysis. Analytical techniques employed include descriptive statistics to analyze the characteristics of respondent households, and binary regression analysis using a probit model to examine the determinants of food security among the households surveyed.

Optimal pricing of health insurance policies using credibility theory

This project seeks to look at pricing of annual Health Insurance policies optimally using credibility theory. This is carried out encompassing Kenyan legislation and Actuarial Board standards on credibility theory application. It seeks to apply known credibility models on Private Health Insurance sector market data and compare the different application methods of the credibility formulas on market data. The introduction of an adjusted Credibility formula that takes into account catastrophic risk is highlighted and discussed.

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