Possible effects of distribution conditions on efficacy of veterinary drugs, chemicals and biologicals in Uganda

Effective management of veterinary drugs, chemicals and biologicals is a prerequisite for quality,
safe and efficacious livestock health products. Since the introduction of the policy of privatization
and liberalization of veterinary service provision in the country, concerns have been mounting over
quality and efficacy of veterinary supplies sold on the open markets. Like in most tropical developing
countries, livestock production is concentrated in remote locations from the urban centers. Local
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East and West African milk products are reservoirs for human and livestock-associated Staphylococcus aureus

Staphylococcus aureus frequently isolated from milk products in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is a major pathogen responsible for food intoxication, human and animal diseases. SSA hospital-derived strains are well studied but data on the population structure of foodborne S. aureus required to identify possible staphylococcal food poisoning sources is lacking. Therefore, the aim was to assess the population genetic structure, virulence and antibiotic resistance genes associated with milk-derived S.

Working with universities: the Kenya experience.

Donkeys are a major source of transport and draught power in rural and peri-urban Kenya. Yet, despite their overt
importance, their welfare needs and contribution to the economy are not appreciated [1]. The Kenya National
Livestock Policy draft of May 2008 does not recognize the donkey as 'livestock' and thus its contribution to the
economy.
In Kenya, the University of Nairobi (UoN) is the only institution that trains veterinarians, while the governmentowned

The impact of changing land use patterns on the numbers and distribution of livestock and wild herbivores in the Tana River District, Kenya

The intent of this study was to examine the impact of
changing land use patterns on the numbers and distribution
of livestock and wild herbivores in the Tana River District,
Kenya.
A multi-method approach of aerial surveys,
questionnaires, interviews and secondary data sources were
employed to realize the objectives.
Results indicate that changes in land use patterns and
types have created conflicts that led to the reduction of
the range and affected distribution of pastoral livestock

The role of Veterinary Retail Drug Outlets in the Provision of Primary Animal Health Care in Busia District, Kenya

The Government privatised animal health services in 1991 in a bid to improve the
efficiency of delivery of veterinary services. Privatisation was however effected
before the establishment of alternative suppliers outside the private sector and
enactment of policies and standards that could assure the quality of animal health
services provided. Since the public sector withdrew from providing animal health
service, there has been an explosive development of retail drug outlets in most parts

The Factos Contributing to Utilization of Information Communication Technologies(ICTS), in Management of Transboundary Animal Diseases(TADS).The Case of Uasin Gishu , Kajiado ,Nandi and Trans Nzoia Counties of Kenya

Research has established that nearly two-thirds of human pathogens are zoonotic and, of greater concern, nearly three-quarters of emerging and re-emerging diseases of human beings are zoonoses (Woolhouse and Gowtage 2005). Common examples of emerging diseases include Avian Influenza (AI), severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), West Nile virus, Nipah virus, and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE).

Constraints to cattle production in a semiarid pastoral system in Kenya

Livestock keeping is the mainstay for the pastoral
community while also providing social and cultural value.
This study ranked main production constraints and cattle
diseases that impacted livelihood and estimated herd prevalence,
incidence rate, and impact of diseases on production
parameters in a semiarid pastoral district of Narok in Kenya.
Data collection employed participatory techniques including
listing, pairwise ranking, disease incidence scoring, proportional
piling, and disease impact matrix scoring and this was

Guidelines For Emergency Livestock Off -take Handbook

Kenya’s agricultural sector accounts for 20–30% of the gross
domestic product (GDP). Of this, the livestock sector alone makes a
contribution of about 50%. Thus, livestock contributes heavily to
the GDP and food security of its population. It also provides the
necessary thrust for other forms of development in the country.
Recent statistics indicate that currently over 50% of the country’s
livestock population is based in the arid and semi-arid lands
(ASALs), which form about 80% of the country’s land area.

Challenges of conversion to organic livestock production in smallholder farms in kenya

Certified organic livestock production in Kenya nearly does not exist despite the fact that livestock production forms an integral part of many organic farms, because of its role in nutrient recycling on the farm. The purpose of the study was to indentify and document the challenges of conversion to organic livestock production. A total of 63 semi-structured interviews of smallholder farmers in Kiambu and Kajiado counties, whose crop enterprises are certified were conducted to determine the influence of production and socioeconomic factors to conversion of their livestock enterprises.

Determinants of farmers’ preference for alternative animal health service providers in Kenya: a proportional hazard application

One hundred and eighty farmers in the semiarid Makueni district, Kenya, were surveyed using a structured questionnaire. The objective was to assess factors that influence farmers' preference for alternative veterinary service providers following the liberalization of veterinary services. A proportional hazard model was fitted to the data because of its ability to accommodate simultaneously the attributes of both the chooser and the choice.

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