Stress as a health issue among university students: Implications for counselling services

University education is fundamental in the training of skilled manpower that is essential in a country's development. Skilled manpower enables a country to provide basic social, economic, health, physical and cultural infrastructure. However, university education may take place in an environment that is stressful due to factors such as inadequate facilities and interpersonal conflicts. Stressful conditions can affect the health of the individual and academic performance too. In order to cope with the stress, counseling services can play a very significant role.

Factors affecting growth of designated service centres (a comparative study of Matuu and Kithimani Centres)

This study examines the factors that may have influenced the unprecedented fast growth of Matuu and inhibited the growth of Kithimani. At a higher level of designation, Kithimani is a rural center whilst Matuu is a market center and of a lower designation in the hierarchy of service centers.

Bio-economic performance of grade dairy cattle in mixed small scale farming systems of Vihiga, Kenya

This study examined the influence of existing grade dairy cattle production factors and systems on bio-economic performance of grade dairy cattle in the mixed small scale farming systems of Vihiga, Kenya. Whilst there is an increasing interest in smallholder grade dairy cattle production, at the same time information on bio-economic performance under the different grade dairy cattle production systems from the producers’ perspective is scanty.

Hospital waste management in Nairobi City

The study aims at examining waste management systems in health facilities within Nairobi city. To study these systems, specific attention has been focussed on the types of wastes generated, collection and disposal methods of these wastes, and their environmental impacts. A sample size of 60 .health facilities consisting of hospitals, nursing homes, health centres and clinics have been purposively selected from different areas within Nairobi city, to be used as an inference to the entire population. The study has relied on both primary and secondary data.

Study Of Climate Change Impacts Using Disaster Risk Reduction Interventions To Enhance Community Resilience. Case Of Makueni County.

The objective was to study the impact of increased disaster risk reduction activities on the community’s resilience to the negative impacts of a changing climate for sustainable livelihoods. The study survey was done between June 1st and 30th 2013 in Makueni County, which borders Machakos to the northwest, Kitui to the west, Taita Taveta to the south and Kajiado to the east. The county covers an area of 7,965.8 km2, and has a population of 883, 671 people as per the 2009 national census, and an average household size of 5.9 persons.

The socio-economic impact of important camel diseases as perceived by a pastoralist community in Kenya

This paper presents the results of a study conducted in a pastoral community in Kenya using partici¬patory appraisal approaches. The objective of the study was to assess the socio-economic impact of camel trypanosomosis (surra) according to the perceptions of the pastoralists. Four livestock grazing units were conveniently selected and in each of them, three groups of key informants comprising five to eight persons were selected for the participatory exercises.

Spatio-temporal characteristics and the distribution of Older Persons in Lamu and Turkana districts in Kenya

This paper emanates from a study on population ageing in rural and urban Kenya conducted by the author in 20081. Its thrust lies on the need to understand the roles, if at all, of spatial and temporal factors in explaining the observed distribution of the older persons in both the leading ageing district of Lamu and lagging ageing district of Turkana in Kenya. The study population constituted all old persons aged 60 years and above in both Lamu and Turkana districts.

Epidemiological, genetic, serological and antimicrobial susceptibility characterization of non-typhi Salmonella isolates from hospitalized children in Nairobi, Kenya

Non-typhi Salmonella (NTS) are a major cause of septicaemia and bacteraemia in humans worldwide. About 1.4 million cases are observed in the United States of America annually, out of which 600 are fatal. In sub-Saharan Africa, NTS are among the most common causes of invasive bacterial childhood disease. Multi-drug resistant NTS species have been isolated in Kenya and pose a major public health concern. This study was conducted to investigate the NTS that cause bacteraemia in children admitted in hospitals in Nairobi, Kenya.

Pesticides residues in animal products in Kenya:organochlorine and organophosphorous insecticides in milk and body fat

Organochlorine and organophosphorus insecticides have been widely utilized for veterinary and agricultural purposes in Kenya, Undoubted usage of these chemicals have considerably benefited this country in controlling serious livestock diseases and increasing food production highly required by the fast growing population. However these compounds have been shown to leave pesticide residues in animal products in many countries where they have been used.

Cryptosporidium species detected in calves and cattle in Dagoretti, Nairobi, Kenya

A total of 1,734 cattle faecal samples from 296 dairy-keeping households were collected from urban settings in Nairobi, Kenya. Modified Ziehl–Neelsen staining method and an immunofluorescence assay were used to identify those samples with Cryptosporidium oocyst infection. Oocysts from positive faecal samples were isolated by Sheather's sucrose flotation method and picked from the concentrate using cover slips. Genomic DNA was extracted from 124 of the faecal samples that were positive for Cryptosporidium and was used as template for nested PCR of the 18S rRNA gene.

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